What is Life insurance?
Life insurance is a contract between an insurance policy holder and an insurer, where the insurer promises to pay a designated beneficiary a sum of money (the "benefits") upon the death of the insured person. Some policies provide for an accelerated death benefit covering terminal illness, critical illness, or long-term care illness (chronic illness). The policy holder typically pays a premium, either regularly or as a lump sum.
The advantage for the policy owner is "peace of mind", in knowing that the death of the insured person will not result in financial hardship for loved ones and lenders. It is important to periodically review policies for premium rates and terms of contract to see that your current needs are met.
Life-based contracts tend to fall into two major categories:
Protection policies – designed to provide a benefit in the event of specified event, typically a lump sum payment. A common form of this design is term insurance.
Investment policies – where the main objective is to facilitate the growth of capital by regular or single premiums. Common forms (in the US) are whole life, universal life and variable life policies.
Types of Life insurance
The two major types of life insurance are term life and permanent life.
- Term life policies provide coverage for a specific period of time. If the policy holder dies within the period specified in the policy, the beneficiaries receive the payout of the policy.
- Permanent life policies provide coverage throughout the policy holder's life, as long as the premiums are paid. A portion of each premium paid is put into a cash value account. The account is tax-deferred and its value continues to increase through the life of the policy. You can "tap into" or borrow against the cash value account if the need arises.
There are many kinds of permanent life policies:
Whole life: In this type of policy, your premium will stay level throughout your life and the death benefit and cash value of the policy are predetermined at the time of purchase.
Universal life: In this type of policy, you can pay premiums when you wish and pay any amount as long as certain costs are met and limits are not exceeded. The amount of coverage can be changed after the policy is in effect, and the cash value of the policy will grow at an interest rate that may vary.
Rates are going up on guaranteed universal life because of a new regulation called AG38 requiring more conservative reserving. This along with the low interest rate environment is the cause. So if you are considering life insurance, you may want apply now rather than wait. As always, we comparison shop for the best value for you.
Variable life: In this type of policy, your premium will stay level throughout our life. The death benefit and cash value will change with the performance of investments that are made in sub-accounts which you choose.
Universal variable life: In this type of policy, you can pay premiums when you wish and pay any amount as long as certain costs are met and limits are not exceeded. The amount of coverage can be changed after the policy is in affect, and the death benefit and cash value will change with the performance of investments in sub-accounts.
Life Changing Events that may be reason to re-evaluate if you have adequate life insurance:
- New child or grandchild
- New job or promotion
- Receipt of an inheritance
- Major investment gain/loss
- Health concern
- Change in marital status
- Change in estate plan
- Sale or purchase of home
- Start/purchase a business
- Sold or acquired assets
- Death of family member
- New investments or insurance
- Gain/loss business partner
Let the principals at Baygroup Insurance help you find life insurance coverage that will meet your needs and fit your budget. Learn more.